Aug 21 2017
By Aryn BakerThere is no period more critical in a child’s development than its first few months of life, which is why so much attention is paid to what the mother, and the child, eats during that time. Nutritionists like to call it the “golden window” — the slim period of time where a child, if he gets the right nutrients, can set out on a healthy path, or, if he doesn’t, risks irreversible stunting and developmental delays. “Eighty percent of the brain development happens in the first 1,000 days of a child’s life, starting from conception,” says nutritionist Sanjay Kumar Das.
By Carol MorelloThe blown-up photograph in Mark Green’s office, still waiting to be hung, symbolizes everything the new administrator of the U.S. Agency for International Development believes foreign development aid should strive for.
By Komal GanotraOver 13 million adolescent girls between 10 and 19 years–equivalent to the population of South Sudan–were married in India in 2011, according to census data, but fewer literate women were married as children or had children early compared to those who were illiterate, according to an analysis by Child Rights and You (CRY), a Mumbai-based child rights nonprofit.
By Tizta TlahunFamily planning improves child survival and reduces maternal deaths. But the uptake of family planning in Africa is only 33%, nearly half the world average of 64%. The contraceptive prevalence rate in African countries is considerably low despite an increase in demand.
By Mark Dybul and Rob MosbacherThe Senate confirmation last week of our colleague Ambassador Mark Green to be USAID Administrator comes amid the struggle between the president and Congress over the administration’s proposed 30 percent cuts to foreign assistance. In this convergence of events, we see a real opportunity for Congress and the administration to do much more than debate where the burden of potential cuts might fall, and instead make lasting reforms to make our foreign assistance better able to enjoy long-term success and provide savings far beyond next year’s budget. Success will not be easy and will require significant changes to our approach to development.
By Barbara Kühlen
Aug 03 2017
Despite the enormous progress that has been made in reducing rates of maternal and infant mortality, over 300,000 women still die every year of complications from pregnancy and childbirth. Six million children under the age of five die each year as well. Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 4 and 5 fell shortest of their targets. Traditional midwives play a central role in preventing mortality, attending births and caring for mothers and their newborns. But their possibilities vary greatly.
By Matt Petronzio
Aug 03 2017
When 28-year-old Consolata went into labor in rural Sengerema, Tanzania, it was by no means picture-perfect. She was extremely fatigued, and soon started experiencing intense pain."I was in bad shape," she said. "I couldn't do anything because I was tired."